A SURVEY OF THE CRIMINAL JURISPRUDENCE FOR COMBATING FOOD ADULTERATION IN NIGERIA AND INDIA

Gladys Uzoamaka EZE

Abstract


Food adulteration is a global problem and is a growing phenomenon. A successful attack on the food supply chain could result in significant morbidity and mortality, economic and trade consequences, a strain on public health systems and political instability. Different countries of the world have made laws for checkmating the monster of food adulteration. These countries include Nigeria and India. This paper attempts a comparative appraisal of the legal framework for combating food adulteration in Nigeria and India. The paper found that the inclusion of raw and unprocessed foods in the legal definition of food in India affords India a better platform for combating food adulteration. The paper also found that India has an extensive institutional framework for the implementation of laws geared towards the combating of food adulteration. The paper further found that both countries did not make any provision in their laws for combating adulteration of food sold and bought on the internet. Similarly, there was no provision for traceability of food items sold in the market in the laws of both countries. Although, Nigeria has some lessons to draw from the Indian legal framework for combating food adulteration, like Nigeria however, India is also missing out some of the new perspectives on effective legal regime for combating food adulteration.

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