HUMAN RIGHTS AND HUMANITARIAN COST OF THE SYRIAN WAR

Maria Omozele EDEKO

Abstract


This paper discusses the humanitarian and human rights cost of the Syrian war. The armed conflict in Syria erupted in March 2011 in the southern city of Deraa after the arrest and torture of some teenagers who painted revolutionary slogans on a school wall. Also, the unrest which grew out of discontent with the Assad government, escalated to an armed conflict after protests calling for his removal were violently suppressed. War crimes have been a consistent feature of the Syrian conflict since its inception. In addition to war crimes, the Syrian people have experienced other crimes under international criminal law, including crimes against humanity, summary execution, terrorism, and genocide against ethno-religious minorities. Thousands of Syrians have disappeared without a trace, many of them victims of enforced disappearances. The emergence of the ISIS on the scene introduced a new set of ruthless perpetrators who have brought the violence to an even more alarming level of brutality. This work seeks to determine the international humanitarian laws and human rights laws applicable to this conflict together with other laws that may be relevant for the prosecution of violations occurring in the Syrian war.

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