Gender Differences In Attitude To The Skin Disease-Atopic Dermatitis Among Adolescents: The Role Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Charity Justin Takyun, Aleksandra Surenovich Kocharyan

Abstract


This paper examines gender differences in attitude to the skin disease-atopic dermatitis among adolescents: The role of Cognitive- Behavioural Therapy. 83 adolescents aged between 13 and 15 and diagnosed with moderate (43) to grave (40) atopic dermatitis took part in the study. The groups were divided according to gender; group 1 was made up of 38 adolescent boys, and group 2 was made up of 45 adolescent girls. The control group included 80 adolescents (40 girls and 40 boys) matched for age. The psychodiagnostic complex used in the study were: Method for establishing the disease attitude type (DAT) and Male and Female Painting projective test. Data were analyzed using correlation and student’s t-test. The comparison of data yielded results that indicate gender-specific types of attitude to the disease among adolescents diagnosed with atopic dermatitis. A statistically significant difference between the groups was found in the anosognosic disease attitude type that is more typical of adolescent boys. This disease attitude type is characterized by active rejection of thoughts about the disease and its consequences which is explained by boy’s bravado, by their wish to demonstrate invulnerability and confidence, which is in effect an attempt to compensate for low self-appraisal.

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