THE ROLES OF WOMEN IN NATIONAL UNITY

Ndubuwa Ohaeri Nnaemeka, Ben Ikerionwu, Chukwuedo Mercy Uwaezuoke

Abstract


Women population in Nigeria has grown substantially from 26.8 million in 1960 to 94.2 million
in 2017, out of a current total population of 190.9 million. Despite this substantial numerical
female population, there is obvious massive gender gap between men and women; which can be
witnessed in every sphere of developmental engagements: politics, economy, education and
leadership; traceable to numerous systemic cultural and religious challenges that cause obvious
gender marginalization in the society. These scenarios are even complicated by the inability of
the Nigerian nation to fully associate with wave of globalization and international treaties
meant to improve the lives of women and cause positive changes that can empower them. Going
by Nigeria's large population, malformed means of development for women does significantly
influence developmental achievement and growth of women in sub-Saharan Africa and Africa at
large. This paper adopted historical method to examine the events of women's contributions in
Nigerian politics, economy, education, religion, security and the family. The findings revealed
that, promoting and involving women in development policies in Nigeria would have a major
role to play in national unity and the progress of women in Africa generally. This paper
examined some issues relating to women development and progress; and pointed out the
noticeable challenges that implicate women in empowerment and growth in Nigeria. Some
recommendations were made to help in remedying the observed shortfalls.

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