FOLKTALE AS CATALYST FOR MORAL INSTRUCTION IN SELECTED NIGERIAN MOVIES

Joshua Usman, Felicia Ohwovoriole

Abstract


The significance of proper moral educationinshaping the character of children, youngsters and even adults cannot be overlooked.Folktale has been a material resource for movie production in Nigerian movie industry (Nollywood). It portrays morals and values which represent a large part of the lives of people in modern society. This has forced scholars to question the way in which stories and storytelling affect the fabric of society and its ideals. The study examines the influence of folktale on moral instruction via drama films in Hausa movies. The plots of five selected Hausa movies are used for the study. A textual analysis of aspects of folktale in the selected movies is also carried oust. The study discovers that the movie industry adopts folktale to preserve, transfer and educate the people on ethical and moral values in the society. In addition, the movie practitioners develop folktales (fairy tales/fables) to explore the concepts of morals and values so as to make these tales in movies relevant to the 21st century viewer. This further promotes good governance, informing the public about conflict resolution mechanisms and cautioning against anti-social behaviours in the society. At the end, the study recommends that folktale should continue to be held and regarded with high esteem despite the emphasis on written records.


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