Comparable Political Ideologies in Linguistic Metaphor Usage by Some Nigerian Politicians

Peter Ochefu Okpeh, DURO-BELLO, OLAOLUWA

Abstract


Studies on metaphor usage in political discourse have focused on its rhetoric and conceptual relevance in cognition, leaving out its ideological essence. The foregoing results in underestimating the discourse value and implications of politically motivated metaphors in national politics. This study examines select campaign speeches of two presidential aspirants in Nigeria to determine their choice of metaphors and to comment on their perceived implications for Nigerian politics. Four campaign speeches of the Peoples’ Democratic Party (PDP) and the All Progressive Congress (APC) presidential aspirants were collected from their respective official websites. A collapse of Lakoff and Johnson’s Conceptual Metaphor Theory and Chateris-Black’s Critical Metaphor Theory is appropriated for a critical examination of the derived metaphors. The conceptual metaphors in the text encapsulate two politically motivated ideologies: the supremacist ideology which is expressed as THE NATION IS A PERSON and the sacrificial ideology which indicates that LEADERHIP IS A SACRED RESPONSIBITY. These conceptual metaphors are expressed via sentences in the active voice which are preponderantly used in the text. The study shows that some Nigerian politicians advocate virtually the same ideology- the nation first. Thus, a critical study of metaphors in political speeches provides insight on Nigeria politics.


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References


Primary Sources

APC official website http://apc.com.ng/index.php/media-center/apc-press-release

PDP official website http://peoplesdemocraticparty.com.ng/?cat=13

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